In 1857 Stirling gained its first modern police force, with a jail sited in the old town.
The Wallace Monument , a tribute to Scotland 's famous hero and martyr was built in 1869.
In the year of 1871 Stirling had a population of 11,788. By 1881 the figures had risen to 14,000.
An infirmary was built in Stirling in 1874.
Also in 1874 horse drawn trams began running through the streets of Stirling .
The Smith Art Gallery and Museum also opened in 1874, this building will hopefully receive and display the coffin used in the ‘Walk For Wallace, in 2005 by the Scottish patriot and novelist David Robertson Ross.
The Old Arcade was built in 1882.
Furthermore the Mercat Cross was restored in 1891.
New housing was being built west of the old town at Abercromby Place , Clarendon Place , Victoria Place, Victoria Square and Queens Road . These houses were for the better off Scottish citizens and many of them used the rail link to commute to Glasgow and Edinburgh. New streets were also built north of the old town such as Wallace Street , Bruce Street , Douglas Street and Union Street .
The twentieth Century saw Stirling making huge changes to the town. The population had grown to over 18,000
Andrew Carnegie, the Scottish steel baron, laid the foundation stone of the Public Library in the Corn Exchange. He donated toward the building costs as he did with many others both in Scotland and in his adopted homeland in the United States .
A plaque commemorates Carnegie's visit to Stirling in 1902, when Andrew Carnegie received a ceremonial freedom of the burgh.
The plaque reads "This memorial stone was laid on 11th October 1902, by Mrs Carnegie, wife of Andrew Carnegie Esq. LL.D, of Skibo, the donor of this building." Carnegie attended many such ceremonies when he was living at his Scottish home at Skibo.
In the year 1928, a new political party was formed; this event took place in King's Park. The meeting resolved to work for the political independence of Scotland . The 2000 strong crowd celebrated the birth of the new party at none other than Bannockburn , the scene of Robert The Bruce's famous victory.
Members of the Scottish National League, including the Gaelic nationalist and writer R. S. Erskine Mar and poet C. M. Grieve (Hugh MacDiarmid), had been founding members. The NPS had been founded in Stirling by The NPS had soon attracted left-wingers from the Scottish Home Rule Association (SHRA, 1886-1929) which had emerged during the period of Gladstone's adoption of the Irish cause and when Liberals had taken up the idea of home rule for Scotland, Ireland, and Wales
However the party faired badly in the1929 elections, maybe due to Scotland 's mistrust of things new. In 1931 the writer and nationalist Compton Mackenzie was elected Rector of Glasgow University. During the economic crisis of the 1930s, conservatives from the Scottish Party merged with the NPS - purged of its extremists including C. M. Grieve - and the Scottish National Party was born in 1932.
The council of Stirling began slum clearance In the 1920s and 1930s and built council houses to replace the slums at Raploch and the Riverside . In the 1950s and 1960s, many more council houses were built.
Stirling University , first opened its doors in 1967, and is situation on a fine 18th century estate in the shadow of the Ochil Hills.
Since the birth of the University, it has shown a maturity far beyond its years, establishing a fine record for academic excellence, topping UK tables for its research achievements, and carving out for itself a truly international reputation.
Among its 7,500 students no less than 75 countries are represented. The university's departments amply reflect the fact that as well as its important dimension on the UK scene, the institution is playing a true international role.
Its highly rated Scottish Centre for Japanese Studies, which prepares graduates for in international business and communication, has promoted a greater understanding of Far East ways, and imparted some of the knowledge that has made Japan a world economic power.
During the 20th century Stirling was still a market town rather than an industrial centre but there were some industries such as financial services, food processing and electronics. Castle Business Park opened in 1995.
Stirling 's Tollbooth was one of the most exciting commission programmes has now been completed. Linked to the building redevelopment as a music and performing arts venue, artists and designers were commissioned to create new work. Reflecting the building's important place in Stirling and Scotland 's history. One of the main aims of the attraction is to discover what life was like behind bars 150 years ago. It also provides visitors with a vivid insight into the gruesome job of the town hangman, Jock Rankin.
In 2002 Stirling was granted ‘City' status. The main reasons for this status was the world-class university spread across one of the most beautiful campuses in Europe . There was also the largest regeneration project in the country, a new national park on the doorstep, thriving inward investment, a growing population and a great quality of life are just some of the reasons for Stirling 's success story.
Stirling is also home to the internationally known entertainer Ted Christopher, who had a number one chart success with ‘Knock, Knock, Knocking on Heavens Door' in aid of the ‘Dunblane Massacre charities'.
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